When compared to 4G, emerging 5G networks promises lower latency, higher capacity, and increased bandwidth. These improvements will have great impacts on how people work, live, and play all around the world.
This next generation of wireless technology is more than just a boost for your phone. It can be incorporated into self-driving cars, telemedicine, and VR, to reach their true potential.
What is 5G?
5G is the next-generation wireless network technology that is expected to change how we live and work. It is expected to be faster and able to handle more connected devices than the existing networks.
It is a new global wireless standard after 1G, 2G, 3G, and 4G networks. This network makes it possible for a new version that is made to connect almost everyone and everything, including objects, machines, and devices.
5G networks started rolling out in the United States and around the world in 2018 and are still in their early stages, but experts say that it has a large potential.
This wireless technology was created to offer better data speeds, ultra-low latency, more reliability, massive network capacity, more availability, and increased uniform user experience to more users. Better performance and improved efficiency enhance new user experiences and connect new industries.
Brands are racing to have the largest and fastest 5G networks. A lot of countries are competing to be the first to make use of fully functional, nationwide 5G. That is because the advantages of the new technology could fuel transformative new technologies – not just for consumers but also for brands, infrastructure, and defense applications.
How does 5G Work?
By using 5G, signals run over new radio frequencies, which need updating radios and other devices on cell towers. There are three methods for creating a 5G network, depending on the kind of assets a wireless carrier has – low-band network, high-band network, and mid-band network.
Carrier companies building superfast 5G networks have to install a lot of small cell sites – about the size of pizza boxes – to light poles, walls, or towers, mostly in relatively small proximity to one another. Due to this, very fast networks are mostly being installed in every city. Eventually, a lot of carriers in the US will have a mix of the various kinds of networks that will make it possible for both broad coverage and fast speeds.
Benefits of 5G
- Faster Speed
Every wireless network generation has shown a great boost in speed, and the advantages of 5G (the fifth generation of cellular network technology) will push far beyond 4G LTE. It is estimated for it to have speeds of up to 10 Gbps, representing about a 100 times increase compared to 4G.
In practical terms, 4G vs. 5G speed enhancements will mean better possibilities for consumers. Sharing a high-resolution movie at peak download speeds will go from taking seven minutes to just six seconds.
- Less Latency
Latency means the time that that goes by after giving an order on our device until the action happens. The latency in 5G will be ten times less than that experienced in 4G, being able to carry out remote actions in real-time.
This low latency and the increase of the sensors allows users to control the machinery of an industrial plant, control logistics or remote transport, surgical operations in which the doctor can intervene a patient who is at another side of the world with the help of precision instrumentation managed remotely or the complete control of local transport systems, automated and without drivers.
- Better Capacity
It is exciting to have a faster network, but one question on the minds of industry leaders and analysts is, how will 5G help businesses increase their technology initiatives?
By having the capacity for hundreds or thousands of devices easily communicating, new applications and use cases for farms, schools, cities, factories, and homes will progress.
When there are 5G use cases with thousands of sensors on different machines automating supply chain management processes, ensuring fast delivery of materials and at the same time, using predictive maintenance to lower work stoppages.
Smart cities and homes will also take a huge step forward in the future of 5G. Using more connected devices than ever. Artificial intelligence (AI) will be taken to places it has never been before by using edge computing.
From homes that give personalized energy-saving suggestions that maximize environmental impact to traffic lights that change their patterns based on traffic flow, 5G applications depending on more network capacity will impact everyone.
- Network Slicing
The 5G also makes it possible for users to apply virtual networks or network slicing, make subnets, to give connectivity that is more adjusted to particular needs.
Creating sub-networks will provide particular qualities to some of the networks, being a programmable network and will make it possible to prioritize connections, as could be the emergencies in front of other users, applying, for instance, various latencies or prioritizing them in the connection to the network so that they cannot be affected by possible overloads of the mobile network.
- More Bandwidth
Combining increased speed and network capacity on 5G networks will make the potential for more data to be transmitted than was possible with 4G networks.
5G networks are created differently from traditional 4G networks, permitting greater optimization of network traffic and smooth handling of more users. Crowded stadiums and other locations have struggled to give seamless connectivity to a larger population, but 5G could make it possible for sports fans to live stream their experience from any seat in the venue.
For companies, the significance of more bandwidth will be voiced across many departments and divisions in the form of big data. Today, companies get more information from customers, suppliers, and teams than they can process and analyze information. With a 5G network, these brands can turn large volumes of data into actionable knowledge.
How can you use it?
To connect to and get the benefits of a 5G network, consumers have to have 5G-enabled devices. A lot of device makers have released 5G phones. Apple is widely expected to release a 5G iPhone later in 2020. Some brands – such as manufacturers and the NFL are also working with carriers to install personal 5G networks without waiting for the nationwide rollout.